The American Cancer Society (ACS) in a new report said the incidence and mortality of lung cancer are declining.
The group used incidence data through 2018 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, the National Program of Cancer Registries, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data through 2019 was collected by the National Center for Health Statistics.
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Lung cancer incidence is reported to have declined for advanced disease, while localized-stage rates suddenly increased by 4.5% per year, “contributing to gains in both the proportion of localized-stage diagnoses (from 17% in 2004 to 28% in 2018) and 3- relative survival per year (from 21% to 31%).”
Mortality patterns mirrored trends in incidence, with declines “accelerating for lung cancer”.
Additionally, declines slowed for breast cancer and leveled off for prostate cancer.
“In summary, progress stagnated for breast and prostate cancers but strengthened for lung cancer, coinciding with changes in medical practice related to cancer screening and/or treatment,” the report wrote. company. “More targeted cancer control interventions and investments in improved early detection and treatment would facilitate reductions in cancer mortality.”
The report also highlighted that incidence from 2014 to 2018 continued to rise slowly for female breast cancer and remained stable for prostate cancer – despite a 4% to 6% annual increase for advanced disease. since 2011.
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The proportion of prostate cancers diagnosed at a late stage has risen from 3.9% over the past decade to 8.2%.
The ACS projected that there would be 1,918,030 new cancer cases and 609,360 cancer deaths in the United States, noting that cancer rates have continued to decline since the 1990s.
This number includes about 350 deaths per day from lung cancer, more than breast, prostate and pancreatic cancers combined and 2.5 times more than CRC.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and the leading cause of cancer death in men aged 40 and over and in women aged 60 and over.
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“About 105,840 of the 130,180 lung cancer deaths (81%) in 2022 will be caused directly by smoking, and another 3,650 by second-hand smoke. The remaining balance of approximately 20,700 non-smoking lung cancer deaths would rank as the eighth leading cause of cancer death among the sexes combined if ranked separately,” the report points out.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States